Charter Chapter XII
International trusteeship system
The Renewed United Nations shall establish under its authority an international trusteeship system for the administration and supervision of such territories as may be placed thereunder by subsequent individual agreements. These territories are hereinafter referred to as trust territories.
The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance with the purposes of the Renewed United Nations laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall be:
- to further international peace and security;
- to promote the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the trust territories, and their progressive development towards self-government or independence as may be appropriate to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement;
- to encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, ownership structures or religion, and to encourage recognition of the interdependence of the peoples of the world;
- to ensure equal treatment in social, economic, and commercial matters for all members of the Renewed United Nations and their nationals, and also equal treatment for the latter in the administration of justice, without prejudice to the attainment of the foregoing objectives and subject to the provisions of Article 80.
(1) The trusteeship system shall apply to such territories in the following categories as may be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements:
territories now held under mandate which are taken over by the Renewed United Nations;
territories which were detached from enemy states as a result of the Second World War or will be detached when they are transferred by a treaty to the Renewed United Nations or come into the operating area of the Renewed United Nations due to peaceful measures to restore international law;
territories voluntarily placed under the system by states responsible for their administration;
(2) It will be a matter for subsequent agreement as to which territories in the foregoing categories will be brought under the trusteeship system and upon what terms.
The trusteeship system shall not apply to territories which have become members of the Renewed United Nations unless they are enemies; the relationship among members shall be based on respect for the principle of sovereign equality.
The terms of trusteeship for each territory to be placed under the trusteeship system, including any alteration or alteration, shall be agreed upon by the states directly concerned, including the mandatory power in the case of territories held under mandate by a member of the Renewed United Nations, and shall be approved as provided for in Articles 83 and 85.
(1) Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements, made under Articles 77, 79, and 81, placing each territory under the trusteeship system, and until such agreements have been concluded, nothing in this chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international instruments to which members of the Renewed United Nations may respectively be parties.
(2) Paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be interpreted as giving grounds for delay or postponement of the negotiation and conclusion of agreements for placing mandated and other territories under the trusteeship system as provided for in Article 77.
The trusteeship agreement shall in each case include the terms under which the trust territory will be administered and designate the authority which will exercise the administration of the trust territory. Such authority, hereinafter called the administering authority, may be one or more states or the Organisation itself.
There may be designated, in any trusteeship agreement, a strategic area or areas which may include part or all of the trust territory to which the agreement applies, without prejudice to any special agreement or agreements made under Article 43.
(1) All functions of the Renewed United Nations relating to strategic areas, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or alteration shall be exercised by the Governing Council in conjunction with the Security Council.
(2) The basic objectives set forth in Article 76 shall be applicable to the people of each strategic area.
(3) The Security Council shall, subject to the provisions of the trusteeship agreements and without prejudice to security considerations, avail itself of the assistance of the Trusteeship Council to perform those functions of the Renewed United Nations under the trusteeship system relating to political, economic, social, and educational matters in the strategic areas.
It shall be the duty of the administering authority to ensure that the trust territory shall play its part in the maintenance of international peace and security. To this end the administering authority may make use of volunteer forces, facilities, and assistance from the trust territory in carrying out the obligations towards the Governing Council or the Security Council undertaken in this regard by the administering authority, as well as for local defence and the maintenance of law and order within the trust territory.
(1) The functions of the Renewed United Nations with regard to trusteeship agreements for all areas not designated as strategic, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or amendment, shall be exercised by the General Assembly and shall be approved by the Governing Council.
(2) The Trusteeship Council, operating under the authority of the Governing Council and of the General Assembly shall assist the General Assembly in carrying out these functions.